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Should Animal Testing Be Banned?
March 8, 2012
I think animal testing is cruelty more than science. Animals are not treated well and are often abused by their handlers. Small animals share a shoe box sized cage with at least eight other small animals. That’s no way to live. Imagine stuffing eight human beings into a regular sized bedroom. Where are you all going to sleep or get dressed? Not easy right? Animals will be held down by metal bands or locked in small cages with a hole cut out for the animals head to be trapped into, so they can not move around and be a hassle while being tested on. An ats lab in North Carolina stuffs monkeys in tubes.
Another harsh thing handlers do is take out dog’s vocal chords so they don’t disturb the lab workers. As for death to an animal; the experimenters will euthanize the animal after being tested on or will use the animal again for further testing until they are dead or useless. If you don’t believe the cruel ways animals are treated, go on youtube and search for: PLRS: undercover at a product- testing lab.
Animals are not just objects. They have feelings and can think, just like us humans do. Rene Descartes, a French philosopher and scientist, said people have the right to use animals just as if they were machines. The more similar the animal is to a human the more intelligent and sentient the animal is, so the more immoral and wrong it is to use the animal as a biological object. Descartes also believed only humans have feelings and could think. If this were true animals wouldn’t flinch and whimper when needles are injected in them or when testers put drops of cologne in the animals’ eye.
Scientists use animals for testing products to make humans lives better right? That’s what I thought too. Well, many experiments that were approved to be available to human beings have later been recalled for safety issues or harmful side affects. Is animal testing very reliable? If products have to be withdrawn from stores and human use, then that in it self should say something. Can we trust that animals will have the same reactions to a product as a human would? Not at all, if we get shampoo in our eyes we immediately know to rinse it out and we’re fine. Animals don’t know that and are not used to such products. Therefore animals will have different reactions to things we can easily fix. A mouse and a human being are not the same and will react differently to different things. We don’t expect a human to live in a cage its whole life. We don’t expect a mouse to brush its teeth and know not to swallow the toothpaste. Many everyday products like toothpaste and soap do not have to be tested for. Companies that make those products and cosmetics however do use animals for testing and it’s completely unnecessary.
There are other ways to test without animals. One process is called the Neutral Red Uptake Assay in which jelly like substances called cultures are put into a glass case then human cells are placed in the culture. Chemicals that are being tested are added to the dish. The human cells will either live or die. The cells react by changing a different color. Researches analyze the color with a computer. The computer can calculate how likely a chemical is to kill human cells. There are also artificial organs, eyes, and skin that react just like the real thing would. Plants and bacteria can be used as well. Doctors can also analyze humans without hurting them by examining what they do on a daily bases. In 1951 Britain doctors showed a link between smoking and lung cancer by examining people who smoke compared to people who don’t. No animals or humans are harmed or killed during any of these tests.
Many people argue that testing on animals is the most efficient way to know that our products are safe. They argue that animals produce much faster then humans do so why not take a few of the animals? Those animals are less important and valuable then human beings anyways right? Wrong. Author Peter Singer says “Humans are animals too, and we must respect other species.” And I agree fully. Other arguments are that using animals is the cheapest way; the other experiments are not as accurate as animals and that using animals have been beneficial to human life. Now I’m not going to say that it hasn’t been helpful but there could have been other alternatives.
After what I have read, yes I am very against animal testing. Yes, animal testing is cruelty and in a lot of cases not necessary. I do use stuff that probably has been tested on animals but did it really have to be? Like perfume, in a test, called the Draize Eye test, scientists spray perfume into a rabbit’s eye. Rabbit’s eyes do not easily wash away irritating substances unlike humans eyes do. Animals are not use to the everyday stuff human’s use, so of course animals will react much differently than humans will. Animals are not meant to use perfume, soap or any other everyday object human’s use, so why test on them? This to me and many others is very cruel and wrong. Save America’s animals before it’s too late.
Animal Testing in Australia
Animal testing is legal in Australia, which has a similar approach to many other westernised countries around the world. There are, however, numerous laws that serve to protect animal welfare during the experimentation process. Different areas in Australia have their own laws that are applicable to animal testing. Regardless, any animal testing that occurs in Australia must be approved prior to commencement in a laboratory facility. An educated and appropriate professional must perform the approval. Furthermore, the request for approval must meet a range of conditions and requirements prior to its approval.
National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
In Australia, the NHMRC has created a special code of practice for the care of animals that are to be used in scientific experiments. This code forms the basis for all animal testing practices that are utilized in Australia. Ultimately, the code aims to ensure that animal testing is performed humanely, ethically, respectfully and with the purpose of safeguarding animal welfare at all times. The code itself is applicable to investigators, teachers and Animal Ethics Committees. It covers all areas for the care and use of animals as well as any interaction that occurs with animals. A major focus encompasses the justifiable aspect of animal testing. This means that significant justification must be shown for the use of an animal in testing. The code also outlines the responsibilities of those conducting research that requires animal testing.
National Animal Welfare Bill
The National Animal Welfare Bill was created in 2005 to meet the demands of both the public and the scientific research community. The bill was introduced to promote good animal testing practices that abide by the appropriate ethics, responsibility and care that the public and scientific community demand and expect. The bill focuses on all species used and outlines the standards expected for all researchers to understand and utilize. The hope is that the bill leads to a law within Australia, rather than its current state of a code.
The testing of cosmetics makes up a very small percentage of animal testing in Australia. Public opinion and debate regarding animal testing for cosmetics has, however, prompted a stronger and more consistent focus on refinement, reduction and replacement techniques in animal testing. It should be noted that there is an increasing use of human subjects for cosmetics testing now. Still, organisations in Australia who are against animal testing are particularly adamant that cosmetics testing should not, under any circumstances, be performed on animals. They argue that the efficacy of most ingredients used in cosmetics formulations today have already been proven and that human subjects should form the basis for cosmetics testing.
The Australian Society of Cosmetic Chemists (ASCC) is a collective of chemists who believe that there are safety reasons to warrant animal testing on cosmetics but that alternatives will be used whenever possible. The society believes in reducing the number of animals used, replacing animals with non-animal models whenever appropriate and lowering the level of suffering.
Controversy Over Animal Testing
Australia is still consumed with controversy over animal testing, which reflects the debate in many other parts of the world. Public opinion is similar to the attitudes of those in Britain, where support for cosmetics testing on animals is virtually non-existent. In Britain, however, animal testing for cosmetics purposes has been banned for approximately a decade now and given public support for the ban, it is unlikely that it will change in the future. Australia shares Britain's focus on alternative methods to animal testing but comparatively, its approach is overall less regulated.
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lolly - 14-Jul-15 @ 12:19 AM